Preface

What happened at Kanha National Park is the consequence of augmented consciousness by authorities towards the need to protect the endangered wildlife in our country and perhaps a result of the decreasing number of tigers. But do we really understand the necessity to preserve whatever is left of the precious forests and wildlife in India? Let me share some interesting specifics to bring some light into this issue. This article is purely based on solid facts I mustered during my employment with the Periyar Tiger Reserve. This will help you comprehend the present issues pertaining to tiger reserves in India by taking Periyar Tiger Reserve as an example.

Introduction

Periyar Tiger Reserve is the 10th Tiger Reserve in the country.  It is spread across 925 Sq. Km in the Western Ghats in the Idukki District of the Kerala state in India. Started off as a Game Reserve by the British and later declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary after Independence, is now the home for 35-37 (approx) tigers. Among tourists all around the world, Thekkady is known for the wildlife, flora and fauna.

History

During British rule, the Travancore Government resolved to construct the Mullaperiyar Dam in Periyar River for irrigation purpose. The then British engineers had a noteworthy achievement but disregarded or miscalculated the after effects, such as while constructing a dam over a huge river like periyar, they forgot to take into account whether the apportioned land will be able to hold the water mass. Beyond expectations the dam flooded over to some parts of the forest area which shaped a lake, inside the forest. Then onwards the wildlife began to gather near the lake for drinking water. Tigers, elephants, bisons, leopards, wild dogs, etc were spotted mostly during those days.

This is where the  then Travancore State Government (Maharaja of Travancore) declared the land as a game reserve and appointed S.C.H. Robinson as the first game warden. Subsequently, based on the proposition by Mr. Robinson, considering the diversity in flora and fauna and the significance of protecting the forest and its wildlife, the area was declared as Nellikkampetty Sanctuary in the year 1934. In 1966 the area was brought under the jurisdiction of The Kerala Forest Department (KFD) and thereby it was known as Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. Considering the tiger population in the sanctuary, the land was added to Project Tiger in 1978 and the Sanctuary was renamed as Periyar Tiger Reserve. In 1991 the land was also brought under Project Elephant also because of the elephant population there. The India Eco-Development Project  (IEDP) was implemented in PTR from 1996 to 2004. For sustaining the eco-development initiatives, a trust named Periyar Foundation was established in 2004, which has become a model for the country.

But what civilians/travelers do not know apart from whatever history that you might have read somewhere is that Periyar Tiger Reserve also has an infamous past. Since the beginning the land was playground for poachers, illegal tree fellers and even some civilians of high importance. The wood felling rackets were the most dangerous ones. They would camp inside forest to cut down an entire tree, remove all the evidences such as even the tiniest roots of a 50 or 100 year old tree and make it look like there was never a tree there. And there were some forest officials who were serious into conservation, who would track down and try to capture these rackets. But mostly these tree felling rackets would be well armed and are always prepared to kill and trying to capture them would end up in bloodshed on both sides.  Same in the case of poachers. These gangs would hunt down elephants for the tusk, tigers for their skin nails and teeth, deer, bear etc and sell it in to agents outside. I do not know the exact numbers but purely based on word of mouth information I have acquired, among 100 crimes, something like 10 would be either prevented or caught and from the remaining, around 30-60% would result in bloodshed on the side of forest officials. What I am trying to say is, it was a playground for all these crimes and the management that time could do nothing much about it.

Periyar Tiger Reserve

                Is there anything extraordinary about PTR ? if so, then what is so out of the ordinary about it?

Periyar Tiger Reserve, according to several articles and records is the best managed reserve in India. But I would like to put it in a different way; Periyar Tiger Reserve is the best example in the country, for conservation of forests and wildlife. It must be since 1978 when added to Project Tiger, that PTR started to evolve. Protection of the land from poachers became high priority. Forest officials used to go hunting in the forest, yes, to hunt down these poachers.!! And bloodshed was common both sides. When India Eco-Development Project was implemented, PTR moved on to a new phase of conservation. PTR turned these poachers/dwellers into saviors of the forest. Those who used to dwell the buffer/core zones, who knew the forest like the back of their hand became forest guards and accompanied the forest officials in trapping the poachers and preventing such illegal activities such as tree felling inside the protected area. This gave a new face to PTR. Those who used to exploit the resources in the forest for their livelihood were given jobs at PTR so that they need not go back to their antediluvian life of hunting/seeking. Those who knew the forest and the wildlife very well were taken as forest guards. Those who belonged to the tree felling rackets turned and became protectors of the same; where they would camp near such areas day and night, assist forest officials in day and night patrolling, etc. Others in the tribal region were given jobs in periyar tourism activities, accountability in cultivation as well as distribution of spices such as cardamom under the support and supervision of forest officials, etc. To prevent the tribals from felling trees for household purposes, PTR offered them LPG facilities at very nominal rates as well as complimentary in certain cases. To make sure that these tribals don’t sell/supply resources from the forest illegally to third parties, PTR started buying almost anything sold by them and that too for a price that they won’t get outside. Among the goods sold by these tribals to PTR, cardamom is the major one. Once PTR buy these goods, further distribution is done taken care of by tribal committees which are supervised by forest officials. These committees are formed in accordance with the IEDP and are called Eco-Development Committees or widely known in the department as EDC’s. Various tourism activities such as Nature Walk, Tiger Train, Green Walk, Night Patrol, Bamboo Rafting etc in PTR are handled by different EDC’s. The tourism activities of PTR also involves Bamboo Grove, a studio apartment facility fully made of bamboo.

What you should understand is that whatever tourism activity you experience in Periyar Tiger Reserve is part of a conservation plan implemented by PTR. Whatever revenue comes out of these tourism activities are transferred to a common account called Park Welfare Fund which is then used to pay for the wages/salaries for these tribals as well as to meet any uncertainties on the side of these tribals. Not a single penny of this money is taken for anything other than for the cultural, social and moral upliftment of these tribals, not even for the development/modification of the facilities for tourists or towards conservation purposes. But when you talk about PTR, there is one more thing you should know of, THE PERIYAR FOUNDATION. The Periyar Foundation is a trust, chaired by the minister of forests and Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF). Periyar Foundation is the backbone of PTR. It takes care of all the socio-ecological complications in and around PTR, execute tiger census, conduct several studies on the diverse species of flora & fauna, the wildlife, the tribals, etc,. Periyar Foundation provides all the support to PTR for the conservation of the protected land and its wildlife.

There is more about PTR that makes it stand out, as THE Best EXAMPLE for the best managed tiger reserve in India. Because, we must not forget the fact; the objective of all these tiger reserves is CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF THE FORESTS AND PARTICULARLY THE WILDLIFE IN IT and not to make profit out of these tourism activities by exploiting the forest and the wildlife thereby invading their natural habitat.

A TIGER RESERVE IS NOT A ZOO.!!

Visit periyartigerreserve.org for more info.

© Яahul…

Яahul…’s photostream

Posted: August 5, 2012 in Uncategorized
for the love of blueart or reality?pattaya city - rooftop viewme...evening blues...wet roads...
sprinkler...city life..!i love the unknown..!BMWs... @ Suvarnabhumi Airport...bangkok...big gulp..!
Яahul... @ Periyar Tiger Reserve..!DOF...my first real macro..!Capturing the clouds..!@ Lockhart Valley in Munnar, Kerala, India..!Sprinkling on my lens..!
just another macro in the wild..!Camphouse..!MAN AT WORK..!Just another macro..!fenced..!D.O.F..! :D

for the love of blue crush..! parachute gliding in pattaya… i call it blue rush… awesome..!

A good friend of mine was thinking of relinquishing his bank job… And he told me to get hold of some career tests and sent him the links… May be he got confused if he is on the right track… I stumbled upon few websites and found rather interesting results… Most of them had the same thing to tell me, that I’m an Entertainer, an ESFP!!! So i believe its not a bad idea finding some time for these tests…

If you know your personality type, you can easily find out matching careers, as some websites lists career possibilities based upon P-type. If you already know your p-type and you don’t want to waste time reading more about it then click here.

Check out some of the websites I found for career testing…

1. The Personality Page

Check out this site to know more about your personality type, find careers based on your p-type, based on your p-type find how you will be in relationships, etc. This site gives more importance to your personality type and related info and less about career, although it does gives you a small list of possible careers for you. I’d say this is a very good site, the best I’ve ever been to. But the one flaw i found was that the test is not free……..

2. SimilarMinds.com

SimilarMinds asks you a lot of questions and in the end, tell you the percentage of your Extroversion, Emotional Stability, Orderliness, Altruism and Inquisitiveness. It also gives a title for what kind of a person you are and a small list of possible careers for you.

3. Quiz.iVillage.co.uk

iVillage asks you some 20-25 questions and will give you a brief description of your personality and your possible careers. This one gave me the big list so far.

4. CareerTest.Net

This site asks you some 50 or so questions and in the end will tell you the category you are in, Extroverted or Introverted, Sensor or iNtuitive, Thinker or Feeler and Judger or Perceiver. As i remember right, when i went through some career tests long time ago, most of them were talking about these categories and would tell what mix you are. This site told me that i’m ESFP (Extroverted Sensor Feeler and Perceiver)

5. ColorWize.com

This is one peculiar kinda test… Here, career test is based on colors that you choose… 66 times you’ll be asked to select a color from two and in the end, when you select two of your most favourite fruits from the list and hit the finish button, you’ll get a list of careers… The results might not seem suitable from an Indian perspective… But if you know how to interpret or as I’d say, translate, you can find some good results…

6. Queendom.com

Queendom has got all sorts of tests… Career Tests, Personality Tests, IQ Tests, etc… I didnt try this yet…

7. 16personalities.com

I found this website very recently (Mar 2016) and found it almost accurate and reliable so I’m adding this as well… Take their Personality Test and get a ‘freakishly accurate’ description of who you are and why you do things the way you do…

At one point of your time, just like my friend, you’d also be wondering, what is it that you are good at, what is the right career for you, how can you decide on a good career, etc… I hope these websites gives you some helpful information…

If you find any of these sites useful to know more about you or about your career, I hope you’ll tell me about it…

 
6:00 a.m     My phone’s alarm starts ringing and sooner than it rings the second time I’d press some button to discontinue it with eyes still shut and goes back to sleep…
6:10 a.m     My phone’s alarm rings again and I’d press some button to end it for then and this goes on…
7:00 a.m     My phone’s reminder goes on and I’d open my eyes and ask myself ‘will there be a day that I’d wake up early???’ and goes back to sleep…
7:30 a.m     Wake up and get ready for the day…
8:28 a.m     Depart for class that starts at 8:30 a.m…
8:35 a.m     The journey of the day commences if not chucked out of class for being late today also… Set up my desk for a first-class nap listening to the incredible lectures on Organization Behavior, Business Law, Business ETHICS, Marketing Research, Training and Development, etc…
9:30 a.m     Elevate my head from the desk to observe if the lecture is still on… YES… it is… when I obtain a glance at my friend’s face I feel like someone pressed the slow motion button… One of my dudes will present me a look and his face tells me that he exhausted the past one hour struggling to figure out what’s the topic of discussion!!! And this session is also the time for some browsing, thinking how to get orkut and such forbidden sites without having the system administrator stumble upon the microscopic details, inspecting if my uTorrent downloads are functioning fine… and then sleep on…
10:00 a.m     First session is accomplished and it’s a sleep break!!! Examine uTorrent and substantiate that it’s downloading… Dodge away college premises and get a hot tea…
10:20 a.m     5 mins behind for class, again!!! And no attendance as usual… it appears like this month also I’ll fall short of attendance… Damn, this session we are supposed to use PPTs and present something…
10:30 a.m     Mission PPT Initiated!!!
11:00 a.m     Thanks to google… Mission PPT is accomplished!!! PPT is ready and reading out loud is definitely such a thorny task…
11:45 a.m     2nd break!!! Just got info that Director’s assignment needs to be submitted by 4:00 p.m… aah!!!… Still got a lot of time… poke around a little bit…
12:00 p.m     3rd session starts… Mission Code Red Initiated!!!
12:40 p.m     Thanks to Google… Mission Code Red is wrapped up!!! A month old assignment just finished… it’s time to keep looking at the clock and think why isn’t it 1:30 p.m… I can hear 3rd World War in my stomach… Keep on peeking at the clock, gaze at everyone and observe how cautious they all are suppressing their sleep and starvation… not to mention the next Sunil Mittal or Dhirubhai Ambani and next Indra Nooyi busy hitting with their paranormal, considerate and significant qualms…
1:35 p.m     Its time to act and think like managers… Make quick decisions… Where to have lunch today…??? Leader emerges and formulates the decision… And let there be followers…
2:00 p.m     Lunch finished… it’s time for some chit chat, browsing, music, etc… I pick up my classmate enlightening us with the fact that we have another assignment to be submitted by the end of this week… I wonder why their spam filter doesn’t recognize these junk mails… Good that I never checked my group mails…
2:30 p.m     4th session commences and this is the only time I get sleeping companionship… 80% of my classmates will be sleeping, 50% of which are so good that we don’t even notice them sleeping… There are some who’d hit their head on the table while they fall asleep!!! Did someone break their spectacles while striking on the chair???
4:00 p.m     alas!!! Magnificent lectures that delivers world’s supreme business modus operandi’s, tricks, do’s and don’ts are so over!!! It’s time to open our laptops and struggle for the power plug!!! Well, our Ambani’s and Nooyi’s are off to the library to intensify their brain size…
5:00 pm     I’d be sleeping my ass off on those ideal cushion chairs, dreaming of parking myself in my office room at the 32nd floor and then my irritating friends might have interrupted my sleep… I’m up and it’s time for TEA… now I’ve to struggle to get my buddies for a tea… they are so busy flirting!!!
6:00 p.m     Majority of my classmates might have reached their home or hostel like little birdies… while some of us hold back for our downloads to finish or let’s just say we didn’t had or knew what else to do!!!
7:00 p.m     Still chit chat, fight, gtalk, orkutting, music, movies…
8:00 p.m     Sufficient learning for the day… The college caretaker tells us, it’s time to close the college… and we’d pack our laptops and gather in front of the college to make another crucial decision… a matter so serious…… ‘where to have dinner tonight and what shall we have’
10:00 p.m     Arrive at flat and get fresh and run to the living room to have a talk with my perfect roommates… woala!!! My two roommates are already in their room and started praying, which would last for hours… so I’d hit my room and start with my movies…
3:00 a.m     Movies are over… ‘again I’m late for sleep… must get some more movies tomorrow!!!’
3:10 a.m     Time to go to sleep… Hoping to get up early morning at start over to be an MBA…

The one thing I forgot is that we were never too busy for fun!!!